ඉරානයේ කුර්දි සහ බලූචි තරුණයන් ඝාතනයට ලක් කිරීම ගැන
2013 නොවැම්බර් 18. දිනා ගැනුමට ලොවක් ඇත ප්රවෘත්ති සේවය (A World To Win News Service). පහත ප්රකාශනය ඉරාන කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්ෂය (මාක්ස්වාදී ලෙනින්වාදී මාඕවාදී) විසින් නිකුත් කරන ලදි. එවක් පටන් ඉරානයේ ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය ඉරානයේ සහ කුර්දිස්ථානයේ මේ ඝාතන රැල්ල දිගටම පවත්වාගෙන යනු ලැබූහ. (cpimlm.com)
වසර තුනක පමණ කාලයක සිට ඉරාන ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජයේ සිරගතව සිටි තරුණ කුර්දි ක්රියාකාරිකයෙකු විය, හබිබුල්ලාහ් ගොල්පරිපොර් (Habibullah Golparipour), 2013 ඔක්තෝබර් 23, වයඹ දිග ඉරානයේ ඔරුමියාහ් (Orumieh) වලදී මරා දැමීම නිසා ඔහුගේ ආදරණීය ජීවිතය අහිමි විය. රාජ්ය විරෝධී සහ රාජ්ය විරෝධී කණ්ඩායම් සමග සම්බන්ධකම් පැවැත්වීම නිසා චූදිතයෙකු වූ, ඔහු ජනාධිපතිවරණයට පසුව පැන නැගුණු කැල්ලෙන් පසුව 2009 ඔක්තෝබර් සිටම සිරගත කර තිබුණි. රජයේ කුලී මිනීමරුවන් සිකරුවන්ට ඇති කර තිබූණ දුෂ්කර තත්වයන් වූ තීව්ර කරන ලද වධ දීම්, දිගු කාලයක් හුදකෙලාව තැබීම ඔහු දරා සිටියහ. නමුත් ඔහු රාජ්ය කෲරත්වයට යටත් නොවුණි.
එම කාලය තුළදීම, දිනකට පෙර සරාවාන් (Saravan) [ඉරාන, පකිස්ථාන සහ ඇෆ්ගනිස්ථාන දේශ සීමාවේ සිස්තාන්-බලූකිස්තාන් ප්රාන්තයේ නගරයකි] වලදී රාජ්ය කුලී මිනීමරුවන් 18 දෙනෙකු මරා දැමීමට එකටෙක කිරීමක් වශයෙන් ඔක්තෝබර් 16 දින බලූචි දේශපාලන සිරකරුවන් 16 දෙනෙකු මරණයට පත් කරනු ලැබූ බව කියැවුණි. මෙය රාජ්ය විසින් සිදු කරනු ලැබූ මෙවැනි වර්ගයේ පළමු සහ අවසාන අපරාධය ද නොවේ. ඉරානය වූ කලී ජාතීන්ගේ සිර ගෙදරකි. ජාතික පීඩනය මේ රාජ්යපාලනයේ ප්රධාන ස්ථම්භයක් වන අතර මේ වර්ගයේ අපරාධ ගැන මෙන්ම බලයේ සිටි සූරා කන පංති ගැන අපි සාක්ෂි දරන්නෙමු. මරා දැමීමට අපේක්ෂිත කුර්දිස්තානයේ, බලූකිස්තානයේ සහ කුෂෙස්තාන් පළාත්වල තරුණයින්ගේ දිගු ලැයිස්තුවක් ඇත, මේ කලාපවල කලබලකාරීත්වයේ ඉතා කුඩා සංඥවක් නිසා, සමහරෙකු එල්ලා දැමෙනු ඇත.
සරාවාන් සිද්ධියට අනුව යමින්, හසාන් රවුහානි (Hassan Rouhani)” ‘‘වීරෝධාර සුනම්යභාවයේ’’ ජගතා ලෙස කියාගනු ලැබූ ඉරානයේ නව ජනාධිපති, ‘‘කැරලි කරුවන්ට’’ මුහුණ දීමට ආරක්ෂක අංශ සමග සහයෝගයෙන් වැඩ කරන විශේෂ කමිටුවක් පිහිටුවීමට අභ්යන්තර කටයුතු අමාත්යංශය පත් කළහ. තවදුරටත්, ෂහෙඩාන් (Zahedan) [සිස්තාන්-බලූකිස්තාන් ප්රාන්තයේ අගනුවර] හි පැමිණිලි මෙහෙයවන-ජනරාල් ‘‘අපි එකටෙක කරන බවට අනතුරු හඟවනවා’’ යැයි කියමින් ඝාතනය කිරීම් යුක්තිසහගත කළහ. [මරණයට පත් කරනු ලැබූවන් සහ දේශ සීමා ආරක්ෂයකයින්ගේ මරණය අතර කිසිදු සම්බන්ධකමක් නැති බව BBC ය වාර්තා කළේය.]
ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය බටහිර සමග ‘‘වීරවත් සුනම්යතාවය’’ දිගටම ප්රදර්ශනය කරගෙන යන ආකාරයටම, එය සිය මර්ධනය සහ තරුණයන් මරා දැමීම ඇතුළු අපරාධ වැඩි කරමින් සිටින අතර ජනතාව දිළිඳුබවට පත්වීම පවා වඩා තීව්ර වී ඇත. මෙය මැද පෙරදිග අර්බුද සඳහා රාජ්යය පාලනය දක්වන අභ්යන්තර ප්රතික්රියාවයි. මේ අපරාධකාරී ක්රියාවන් එහි පිළිකුල් සහගත ජීවිතය නිමේෂයකට හෝ දික් කර ගැනීමට අපේක්ෂාවෙන් සිටින මුළුමනින්ම කුණු වූ පාලනයේ බංකොලොත්භාවය සහ අසමත්භාවය පිළිබඳ වූ දර්ශකයක් බවට කිසිදු සැකයෙක් නැත.
ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය වපුරා තිබුණු දැයෙහිම විපාක නෙලාගන්නා බව ජාතික පීඩනයට එරෙහි පීඩිත ජාතීන්ගේ අරගලය තවත් වරක් තහවුරු කරනු ඇත.
රාජ්ය පාලනයේ අතිශය දුෂ්ට සහ කෲර සැලසුම් පිළිතුරු නොසැපයුන දේ ලෙස නොතිබිය යුතුය, නොතිබෙනු ඇත. හබිබුල්ලා ගොලාපරිපෝර් සහ අනෙකුත් දිවි පිදූවන් සඳහා වන අනුස්මරණ උත්සව මේ පාලනයේ අපරාධ හෙලි දරවු කරන තැනට පත් කරන ලෙස අපි කම්කරුවන්ට, ශිෂ්යයන්ට, කාන්තාවන්ට සහ තරුණයන්ට ආමන්ත්රණය කර සිටිමු. මේ අරගලය උතුරන දේශපාලන දර්ශනයක් තුළට යොමු කළ යුතුය. එය ඔවුන්ට අත් වූ මේ අපරාධ වලින් ගැලවී යා හැකි අධිරාජ්යවාදීන්ගෙන් සහ ප්රතිගාමීන්ගෙන් නිදහස ලබා ගත හැකි සැබෑ විප්ලවයක් වේ. සිය කෲරත්වය පෙන්වන ඉස්ලාම් රාජ්යයේ දුෂ්ට සැලසුම් පෙර කවරාදටත් වඩා වැඩි වී ඇත. ඔවුහු පොලොව කම්පිත සිදුවීම්වල ලකුණු සහ ලේ හැලෙන යුද්ධ දැනටමත් කරගෙන යයි, න්යාය පත්රයට අනුව යුද්ධ, මර්ධනයෙන් සහ සූරාකෑමෙන් තොර සමාජයක අරමුණ ඇතිවඉස්ලාම් ප්රතිගාමීන්ට ප්රතිචාර දැක්වීමට සහ ඔවුන්ගේ රාජ්ය ක්රමය පෙරලා දැමීමට විප්ලවීය ප්රචණ්ඩත්වය ඉදිරිපත් කළ යුතුය.
ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය භංගවේවා!
පීඩිත ජාතීන්ගේ ස්වයං නිර්ණයේ අයිතිය දිගු කල් දිනේවා!
විප්ලවය දිගු කල් දිනේවා! කොමියුනිස්ට්වාදය දිගු කල් දිනේවා!
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On the execution of Kurdish and Baluchi youth in Iran
18 November 2013. A World to Win News Service. The following statement was issued by the Communist Party of Iran (Marxist Leninist Maoist). Since then the Islamic Republic of Iran has continued this wave of executions in Kurdistan and other regions of Iran. (cpimlm.com)
Habibullah Golparipour, a young Kurdish activist who has been in an Islamic Republic prison for three years, was executed on 23 October 2013 in Orumieh, north-west Iran, and lost his dear life. Accused of anti-regime activities and connections with anti-regime groups, he had been in prison since October 2009, following the uprising that erupted after the presidential election. He endured the difficult conditions that the regime’s mercenaries have created for prisoners, including intense tortures, and spent long periods in isolation. But he did not give in to the regime’s brutalities.
At the same time, it has been reported that 16 Baluchi political prisoners were executed on 26 October in reprisal for the killing of 18 regime mercenaries in Saravan (a city in Sistan-Baluchistan Province, Iran, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan) the day before. This is not the first such crime of the regime and will not be the last. Iran is the prison of nations. National oppression is a major pillar of this regime and we will witness such crimes as long as the exploiting classes are in power. There is a long list of youth in Kurdistan, Baluchistan and Khuzestan provinces waiting to be executed, and at the slightest sign of unrest in these regions, some will be hanged.
Following the Saravan incident, Hassan Rouhani, Iran’s new president, the so-called champion of “heroic flexibility”, assigned the Interior ministry to form a special commission in cooperation with security forces to confront “rebels”. Furthermore, the prosecutor-general of Zahedan (the capital of Sistan-Baluchistan province) justified the executions by saying “We warned that we would retaliate!” [BBC reports no evidence that any of the executed had any connection with the death of the border guards.]
As the Islamic regime continues to display “”heroic flexibility” with the West, it is also stepping up its oppression and crimes, including the executions of youth, and the poverty of the people is becoming even more intensified. This is the regime’s internal reaction to the crisis in the Middle East. There is no doubt that these criminal acts are indications of the bankruptcy and failure of a totally rotten regime that is hoping to extend its disgusting life a little longer.
The struggle of the oppressed nations against national oppression will once again demonstrate that the Islamic regime will reap what it has sown.
The regime’s viciousness and brutal plans should not and will not go unanswered. We call on workers, students, women and youth to convert the memorial ceremonies for Habibullah Golparipour and other martyrs into exposures of the crimes of the regime. This struggle must be turned into an effervescent political scene. It is with a real revolution independent of imperialists and reactionaries that we can give these crimes the response they deserve. The Islamic regime’s vicious plans more than ever carry the signs of its fragility. They carry the signs of earth-shaking events and bloody battles that are on the way, battles that should put revolutionary violence on the agenda to settle accounts with the Islamic reactionaries and overthrow their state system with the goal of a society without oppression and exploitation.
Down with the Islamic Republic of Iran! Long live the right of self-determination for oppressed nations! Long live revolution! Long live communism!
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On the 25th Anniversary of the Massacre of the Political Prisoners in Iran
23 September 2013. A World to Win News Service. Following is a statement put out by the 8March Women’s Organisation (Iran-Afghanistan) .
In honour of the martyrs of the 1980s we are not going to observe even a single minute of silence!
A quarter of a century has gone by since the massacre of thousands of political prisoners in June 1988. But in June 2013, the “responsibility” for the post of Ministry of Justice in the government of “action and hope” is being given to Pour Mohammadi. Mohammadi was the representative of the Ministry of Intelligence in a trio (together with Nayyeri and Eshraghi) in June 1988. This notorious group was known as the “trio of death”. Mohammadi’s posts were head of the Ministry of Justice in western Iran, then Revolutionary judge in Bandar Abbas in southern Iran with special authority to suppress protests and issue the death penalty against the political prisoners being held in Mashhad. Mohammadi was head of a group who executed women political prisoners for the first time and supervised the execution of virgin women who were raped before their execution in order to “prevent them from going to paradise”. He supervised the execution of pregnant women and women who had just given birth. He was assistant to Fallahian (President Rafsanjani’s minister of intelligence) and responsible for operations outside Iran. During his reign, numerous political figures were murdered: Dr Ghasemlouv in Vienna; Hossein Naghadi in Rome; Kazem Rajavi in Geneva; Fereidoon Farrokhzad in Bonn; Sadegh Sharafkandi and Nouri Dehkardi in Berlin; and many many more. The reality is that if people such as Rouhani and Pour Mohammadi had not performed their responsibilities successfully, how could the new rulers have resisted and confronted the waves of revolutionary and rebellious masses who were determined to change the world?
With the mass murder, imprisonment and annihilation of a revolutionary generation who were determined to change the existing order, these reactionaries wanted to suppress the revolutionary spirit throughout society in order to thwart any real change. They committed their cowardly massacre of the prisoners because they were frightened of the unity between them and their comrades in the bigger prison – the whole of society – which was preparing the ground for the overthrow of the backward regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran.
The new IRI President Rouhani and their clique think that they can hang or execute the truth. This is impossible. That’s why, in honour of the martyrs of the 1980s, we cannot halt even for a moment in proclaiming the truth. We will have no minute of silence!
For many years, relatives of the martyrs, those who escaped their fate, together with other revolutionary and progressive opponents of the regime, have worked to expose the crimes of the Islamic Republic in the 1980s and to establish the truth. They have talked about the courage of those militants who persisted right to the end, who gave up their lives, but not their secrets. Today the slogan “We neither forgive, nor forget!” emphasises the just struggle of that generation and exposes the crimes of the Islamic Republic. This takes on particular importance at a time when those responsible for such horrific crimes are trying to hide their blood-soaked hands amidst talk of justice and tolerance, while a section of the so-called “opposition” activists are siding with them and actively throwing dust in the eyes of the masses, so as to blind them to the reality of what was, and what is. For the purpose of a search for the truth is not merely to expose the crimes of the past, but to show how to progress, how to forge the future. Indeed, the struggle in the prisons has a political and a class character, which itself is the continuation and concentrated expression of the class struggle outside prison. The massacre of the revolutionaries in the 1980s did not therefore just represent the murder of a large number of political activists, it was also the concentrated expression of the relationship between revolutionary struggle and the consolidation of the new reactionary regime of the Islamic Republic.
One of the distinguishing features of the prisons in the Islamic Republic is that, in addition to conducting medieval physical torture, the IRI also carried out a systematic ideological attack on the thinking and outlook of the prisoners. The purpose of the rulers was not only to destroy a generation of revolutionary people, but through this to attack the most sensitive nerve in the society, with the aim of crippling society as a whole.
This kind of torture and destruction took on more complex and broader dimensions. A government whose most important pillar was the subordination of women was forced to attack those who dared to break through the boundaries of the rotten social order, as they attacked these high-flying eagles and demonstrated that they are ready to break their wings and force them to accept a lower position than in the past. One typical example was rape. Rape as physical, moral and psychological torture was, and is, the norm of the patriarchal class formation of the Islamic regime, at every level. And in addition, in prison this also took on a religious character, as women were forced to submit their will to the rule of god. In Islam, the existence of women amounts to being merely a vagina, who surrender to the will of god and his representatives on Earth, meaning men. Breaking the spirit of these women who took up arms and fought for their liberation and who were ready to lay down their lives for the revolutionary cause was no easy task. But they had to be tamed and punished, made to obey the will of god and his representatives, as a threat to all women – and this took many forms, from forcing the hejab on communist and secular women, forced prayers, rape and punishment and torture in many different forms. This ideological discipline had to be conveyed into society as a whole. Women political prisoners had to be controlled and humiliated as wives and mothers, to re-affirm the honour and property of men.
Today, although the rage we felt at the massacre of a generation of revolutionaries is an invincible motive force driving the search for truth, in order for a new revolutionary wave to rise again, we need a deep scientific summation of the reasons for the defeat of the revolution in Iran and around the world. Our rage and determination to get justice can be a driving force for lifting that wave. We will never forget the memory of the unconquerable resistance of the political prisoners massacred in the 1980s, and especially in the summer of 1988. They are and will be an important element in our struggle to overthrow the Islamic Republic of Iran. This is true especially now, when a quarter of a century has gone by since that massacre behind the prison walls, yet the torture and murder within or outside the prison walls goes on – as does the resistance and struggle and the demand for change, for the emancipation of humanity as a whole, for building a world where no one will be imprisoned or executed for having an opposing opinion or ideas!
“Protest against the president of the criminal Islamic Republic of Iran”
23 September 2013. a World to Win News Service. Hassan Rouhani, the new president of Iran, was due to address the United Nations General Assembly opening in New York on 24 September. Following is a statement and leaflet put out by “Activists of the Communist Party of Iran (MLM) in North America”, which planned to hold protests outside the UN during Rouhani’s appearance.
On 24 September, Iran’s recently elected president, Hassan Rouhani, will give a speech at the United Nations. His trip to New York coincidentally falls on the same day on which Iranian political refugees all over the world are grieving the mass murder and execution of political prisoners in Iran in the summer and autumn of 1988.
Rouhani’s cabinet members such as Mostafa Pour Mohammadi, Ali Rabii and Hamid Chiyan were directly involved in that particular mass murder. They are known to be cold-blooded murderers and some of the worst among the Islamic regime of Iran. Pour Mohammadi is often referred to as the “president of death”. He was directly and actively involved in the executions of political prisoners in the 1980s in Iran. He, along with many other members of Rouhani’s ministerial cabinet were responsible for thousands of death penalties which were delivered in less than a couple of minutes to the political prisoners of Iran in the 1980s.
Iran’s new president introduces himself as the people’s “hope”! But in fact he represents a new alliance among different factions of the Islamic Republic regime. He has climbed to the seat of power with the support of the Sepah-e-Pasdaran (the Revolutionary Guards, the main body of the regime’s military forces), the notorious security establishment of the regime and the “leader” (Ayatollah Khamenii) himself.
Rouhani was essentially chosen as president to perform several tasks essential for the survival of the Islamic Republic system. He must initially provide a false hope about “reforming the system” – a false hope to those who are suffering from expanding poverty and are fed up with political and social suppression and religious obscurantism. He should also assure the imperialists that the contradiction between the Islamic Republic system and the imperialists is not of an antagonistic nature and in fact the relations should be healed and Iran should be looked at by them as a reliable partner in controlling and exploiting the masses of Iran as well as in carrying out the imperialists’ regional plans – given that those powers also ensure the survival of this regime.
Iran’s regime and the Islamic Republic system is an integrated part of the world capitalist system which is controlled by the imperialist powers. The feud between the Islamic Republic and the imperialist powers is in fact the fight and contradiction between two “rotten poles” within this system and there is no element of “anti-imperialism” on the part of the Islamic regime of Iran.
In Iran, like the whole world, the majority of the people produce the wealth which is appropriated by a minority of parasitic capitalists. Like all other countries dominated by imperialism in Asia, Africa and Latin America, the Iranian economy is totally dependent on the world capitalist system. The more it gets integrated into the world capitalist system the wider becomes the class chasm and political suppression of the masses. The regime in Iran is a theocratic regime which constantly attacks people’s mind and body – especially women’s. Political suppression is one of the pillars of this regime. In fact, its very existence depends on trampling upon the most basic political, cultural and social rights of the majority of the people of Iran.
National oppression is another touchstone of this regime. In sum, the contradiction, between the Islamic Republic regime and the people of Iran is of an antagonistic nature. This reality brings about the necessity and possibility of a revolutionary overthrow of the Islamic Republic of Iran. We, the revolutionary communists of Iran, know too well that if we do not mobilise and organise people in a movement for revolution, the reactionary, corrupt and crisis-ridden ruling classes of Iran will be able to survive through suppressing and deceiving people in different ways and manners, and therefore will get a new lease on life, and their rotten rule will last longer and destroy more generations. We are well aware that if the masses of Iran do not become conscious of and take up a revolutionary communist vision and programme which can enable them to really and radically change their conditions, then even if they rise up against this hated regime, without taking up that vision they will fall into the trap of some other reactionary forces or be wooed by the alternatives that U.S. imperialism has in pocket for the future of Iran. This would definitely turn Iran into another tragedy like the ones we are witnessing in Syria and Egypt, where people have become captives of warring rival reactionary forces, each of which have the backing of this or that imperialist power.
There is only one solution: to overthrow the Islamic Republic system through a revolutionary struggle with the goal of destroying all of its reactionary class and religious relations and values and instead establish a new state which would be really by the people and for the people and would pursue the goal of organising a new society based on a new economy, new politics and new social relations – a kind of society that we communists call a socialist society and which we consider a road to achieve a kind of world without any sort of oppression and exploitation, a communist world.