Category Archives: Iran

Women are confronting outmoded patriarchy

 

Women are confronting outmoded patriarchy:
capitalist-imperialism and religious fundamentalism!

3 March 2014. A World to Win News Service. Following is a statement issued on 19 February by the 8 March Women Organisation (Iran-Afghanistan) (zan_dem_iran@hotmail.com).
 
The 8th of March, International Women’s Day, is coming, and we will continue our struggle to achieve the dream of emancipation. We are seeing the struggle of our sisters to join together with the countless hands of oppressed women all over the world to  break the thousand-years old chains of oppression that bind us.
 
Women carry out 2/3 of the world’s labour, but obtain only 10 percent of its income and own less than 1 percent of its wealth. Seventy per cent of the world’s poor are women. We are the main makers of the world and carry its load on our shoulders, but what is our lot?
 
Our lot is ever-increasing organized state violence, alongside the domestic and social violence which a third of the world’s women experience on a daily basis. There is  ever-increasing rape, murder, honour killings, prostitution, degradation, insults and threats and an unprecedented use of women’s bodies as commodities. Women’s “beauty” is presented as our only capital, and motherhood as the only source of our identity, with fighting over whether our bodies are to be controlled by being covered up or auctioned off by the state, religion, tradition and culture, by the demands of the market and even men’s personal tendencies, just as there is fighting over the right to control or terminate our own pregnancies. This is the context in which our bodies have become commodities and assigned a price day after day.
 
Our bodies are commodities that are mass advertised by a pornography industry that gives training in their use. They are used in human trafficking and are priced in the sex markets where they are traded for money. In marriage contracts, financial considerations are accepted as completely legitimate and are reinforced by law and public opinion. Ultimately this commodity is sometimes appropriated free of charge as women are raped either individually or by gangs.
 
As part of the basic way this patriarchal system functions, imperialist powers confront each other over the division of the world, and in the name of “freedom” and “democracy” they wage war to invade the third world – and again, women are the first victims.
 
Although women are the cheapest, most obedient and most profitable work force for turning the wheels of capital, they name us” housewives” and hide our super-exploitation. They justify our low wages and rob us of any possibility of organizing ourselves. In the third world they force us to leave our small plots of land in our villages and move to urban shanty towns in our millions, an “unofficial”work force in the service industry, forced labour, all while taking care of their children who have been abandoned by society and the authorities.
 
And when we join in struggle to change the existing order, backward Islamic regimes again become our lot, as we are once again the first victims.
 
Unfortunately, the repetition of our experience as women in Iran has clearly demonstrated that the ideological foundation, the outlook and specific feature of an Islamic regime is the inferior position of women, our enslavement and deprivation of rights – this is how the religious fundamentalists with their international partners have harvested the fruit of the people’s just struggle. Thirty-five years ago, when this backward and anti-woman regime posed as a possible replacement to the Shah as the people of Iran rose in revolutionary struggle, the religious fundamentalists tried to legitimise their rule and integrate Iran into the world capitalist system. Islamicizing the patriarchal system was their most important contribution to this effort. By utilising the full force of state power, the oppressive relations enchaining women were recast on the foundations of Sharia law. This was not some “eternal” culture of “Muslim women” being re-born, it was the culture and relations of Islamic patriarchy being given the full backing of state repression. The Islamic Republic thus codified the subjugation of women in law, and to enforce such laws established a set of courts and repressive forces.
 
The existence of these forces is directly related to the setbacks suffered by revolution in the world today. It is not a coincidence that one after another Islamic regime is being established either through the imperialist invasions of Iraq and Afghanistan or in the wake of the struggles of the people in the Middle East and North Africa. And at the centre of these transformations women are the first social force to be controlled and oppressed. In Afghanistan and Iraq the legalization of Sharia law against women; in Libya the legalisation of polygamy; in Egypt the unprecedented increase in female genital mutilation; in Syria the re-establishment of punishing women by stoning; the rise in the hijab (head covering), whether enforced or arbitrary – all these are undeniably a concentrated expression of Sharia law.
 
All these represent the real bloody wars of these two outmoded forces – capitalist-imperialism and religious fundamentalism – to subjugate, oppress and control women. These two forces are equally oppressive and act as brothers in preserving their common interests, as they establish militarized regimes against women through hate and extreme violence.
 
We women are at the centre of this war, which once again repeats the bitter tale of rape in the name of preserving and defending virginity. Once again the teeth and claws of patriarchy are shown so as to control and auction off women’s bodies. Once again we see the tragedy of women courageously taking part in their masses in the process of social change, but winding up in the end pushed back down, without change. Once again women are pushed to choose between the “lesser evil” of who would violate them.
 
This is the so-called democratic choice facing women: do you prefer to be covered by a hijab and stay untouched and “supported” by Sharia law and Sharia-raped by your male lords, or do you prefer to be displayed in shop windows wearing the latest designer fashions and adored while you’re priced and abused and molested? Do you prefer to be placed next to male rapists in Tahrir Square or under the boots of Western dependent armies claiming they support you?! Do you prefer to be an obedient wife and a “real” mother in your own country and single-handedly bear the heavy load of years of raising children without the presence of a father, or to be perched in the shopping windows of Europe or the private brothels (called harems) in the Gulf States?! Do you prefer to take part in the process of exploiting other people and oppressing other women for your own personal interests and advance and be protected by the laws of the world capitalist patriarchal system, or do you prefer to work and be exploited in some small or big factory or farm, or do you prefer to remain a “housewife” and expect god to protect you through his male representative in an effort to obtain and then safeguard your privileges in the “next world”? Do you want to take part in the population increase programme of the Islamic Republic on the basis of its Sharia law and thus bear more jihadists, or to be turned into a mere incubator by the churches and Christian fundamentalists?
 
All these options lie on the endless wheel of choice between these two poles that are outmoded and rotten. These two forces have no future for humanity. Indeed, the danger of collapse they both face push them not only to have a go at each other but also to support each other and hide their contradiction when they face the protesting masses.
 
The dynamics of this outmoded and backwards-turning wheel mean that struggle against one of them, in the absence of a clear stance against the other, invariably winds up pushing people into the other camp. Therefore, supporting one of these two poles, even if the intention is to fight and weaken the other, in practice actually strengthens the other pole. Everyone who is a victim of the existing order, all those who hate it and want to struggle to change it, ultimately have no other choice than to take a clear stance against and fight both of these poles. Women are at the heart of this contradictory situation and the struggle against these two poles. For both of these reactionary poles, women are an army of labour, foot soldiers of the system, a valuable commodity whose role is indispensable to the operation of this system of exploitation and oppression. And on the other hand, because of this strategic position, if women enter the arena of struggle with the aim of emancipating themselves and all humanity, they are capable of destroying all the rotten patriarchal barriers, which are facing historical collapse, and building a new world.
 
Because of all this, we as women can, through revolutionary internationalist struggle against these two outmoded and anti-women forces, succeed in lifting their blood-soaked, male and “holy” hands from the lives of millions of women who are being crushed in homes, factories, fields, streets and brothels violently, mercilessly and without precedent. Only through this kind of struggle can women chart the course of their emancipation and achieve a society without exploitation and oppression.
 
Without the fight and overthrow of these two outmoded forces, there is no other clear prospect for the  emancipation of women and indeed of all humanity – which is impossible without the full participation of women.
Advertisements

ඉරානයේ කුර්දි සහ බලූචි තරුණයන් ඝාතනයට ලක් කිරීම ගැන

ඉරානයේ කුර්දි සහ බලූචි තරුණයන් ඝාතනයට ලක් කිරීම ගැන

2013 නොවැම්බර් 18. දිනා ගැනුමට ලොවක් ඇත ප‍්‍රවෘත්ති සේවය (A World To Win News Service). පහත ප‍්‍රකාශනය ඉරාන කොමියුනිස්ට් පක්‍ෂය (මාක්ස්වාදී ලෙනින්වාදී මාඕවාදී) විසින් නිකුත් කරන ලදි. එවක් පටන් ඉරානයේ ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය ඉරානයේ සහ කුර්දිස්ථානයේ මේ ඝාතන රැල්ල දිගටම පවත්වාගෙන යනු ලැබූහ. (cpimlm.com)

වසර තුනක පමණ කාලයක සිට ඉරාන ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජයේ සිරගතව සිටි තරුණ කුර්දි ක‍්‍රියාකාරිකයෙකු විය, හබිබුල්ලාහ් ගොල්පරිපොර් (Habibullah Golparipour), 2013 ඔක්තෝබර් 23, වයඹ දිග ඉරානයේ ඔරුමියාහ් (Orumieh) වලදී මරා දැමීම නිසා ඔහුගේ ආදරණීය ජීවිතය අහිමි විය. රාජ්‍ය විරෝධී සහ රාජ්‍ය විරෝධී කණ්ඩායම් සමග සම්බන්ධකම් පැවැත්වීම නිසා චූදිතයෙකු වූ, ඔහු ජනාධිපතිවරණයට පසුව පැන නැගුණු කැල්ලෙන් පසුව 2009 ඔක්තෝබර් සිටම සිරගත කර තිබුණි. රජයේ කුලී මිනීමරුවන් සිකරුවන්ට ඇති කර තිබූණ දුෂ්කර තත්වයන් වූ තීව‍්‍ර කරන ලද වධ දීම්, දිගු කාලයක් හුදකෙලාව තැබීම ඔහු දරා සිටියහ. නමුත් ඔහු රාජ්‍ය කෲරත්වයට යටත් නොවුණි.

එම කාලය තුළදීම, දිනකට පෙර සරාවාන් (Saravan) [ඉරාන, පකිස්ථාන සහ ඇෆ්ගනිස්ථාන දේශ සීමාවේ සිස්තාන්-බලූකිස්තාන් ප‍්‍රාන්තයේ නගරයකි] වලදී රාජ්‍ය කුලී මිනීමරුවන් 18 දෙනෙකු මරා දැමීමට එකටෙක කිරීමක් වශයෙන් ඔක්තෝබර් 16 දින බලූචි දේශපාලන සිරකරුවන් 16 දෙනෙකු මරණයට පත් කරනු ලැබූ බව කියැවුණි. මෙය රාජ්‍ය විසින් සිදු කරනු ලැබූ මෙවැනි වර්ගයේ පළමු සහ අවසාන අපරාධය ද නොවේ. ඉරානය වූ කලී ජාතීන්ගේ සිර ගෙදරකි. ජාතික පීඩනය මේ රාජ්‍යපාලනයේ ප‍්‍රධාන ස්ථම්භයක් වන අතර මේ වර්ගයේ අපරාධ ගැන මෙන්ම බලයේ සිටි සූරා කන පංති ගැන අපි සාක්‍ෂි දරන්නෙමු. මරා දැමීමට අපේක්‍ෂිත කුර්දිස්තානයේ, බලූකිස්තානයේ සහ කුෂෙස්තාන් පළාත්වල තරුණයින්ගේ දිගු ලැයිස්තුවක් ඇත, මේ කලාපවල කලබලකාරීත්වයේ ඉතා කුඩා සංඥවක් නිසා, සමහරෙකු එල්ලා දැමෙනු ඇත.

සරාවාන් සිද්ධියට අනුව යමින්, හසාන් රවුහානි (Hassan Rouhani)” ‘‘වීරෝධාර සුනම්‍යභාවයේ’’ ජගතා ලෙස කියාගනු ලැබූ ඉරානයේ නව ජනාධිපති, ‘‘කැරලි කරුවන්ට’’ මුහුණ දීමට ආරක්‍ෂක අංශ සමග සහයෝගයෙන් වැඩ කරන විශේෂ කමිටුවක් පිහිටුවීමට අභ්‍යන්තර කටයුතු අමාත්‍යංශය පත් කළහ. තවදුරටත්, ෂහෙඩාන් (Zahedan) [සිස්තාන්-බලූකිස්තාන් ප‍්‍රාන්තයේ අගනුවර] හි පැමිණිලි මෙහෙයවන-ජනරාල් ‘‘අපි එකටෙක කරන බවට අනතුරු හඟවනවා’’ යැයි කියමින් ඝාතනය කිරීම් යුක්තිසහගත කළහ. [මරණයට පත් කරනු ලැබූවන් සහ දේශ සීමා ආරක්‍ෂයකයින්ගේ මරණය අතර කිසිදු සම්බන්ධකමක් නැති බව BBC ය වාර්තා කළේය.]

ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය බටහිර සමග ‘‘වීරවත් සුනම්‍යතාවය’’ දිගටම ප‍්‍රදර්ශනය කරගෙන යන ආකාරයටම, එය සිය මර්ධනය සහ තරුණයන් මරා දැමීම ඇතුළු අපරාධ වැඩි කරමින් සිටින අතර ජනතාව දිළිඳුබවට පත්වීම පවා වඩා තීව‍්‍ර වී ඇත. මෙය මැද පෙරදිග අර්බුද සඳහා රාජ්‍යය පාලනය දක්වන අභ්‍යන්තර ප‍්‍රතික‍්‍රියාවයි. මේ අපරාධකාරී ක‍්‍රියාවන් එහි පිළිකුල් සහගත ජීවිතය නිමේෂයකට හෝ දික් කර ගැනීමට අපේක්‍ෂාවෙන් සිටින මුළුමනින්ම කුණු වූ පාලනයේ බංකොලොත්භාවය සහ අසමත්භාවය පිළිබඳ වූ දර්ශකයක් බවට කිසිදු සැකයෙක් නැත.

ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය වපුරා තිබුණු දැයෙහිම විපාක නෙලාගන්නා බව ජාතික පීඩනයට එරෙහි පීඩිත ජාතීන්ගේ අරගලය තවත් වරක් තහවුරු කරනු ඇත.

රාජ්‍ය පාලනයේ අතිශය දුෂ්ට සහ කෲර සැලසුම් පිළිතුරු නොසැපයුන දේ ලෙස නොතිබිය යුතුය, නොතිබෙනු ඇත. හබිබුල්ලා ගොලාපරිපෝර් සහ අනෙකුත් දිවි පිදූවන් සඳහා වන අනුස්මරණ උත්සව මේ පාලනයේ අපරාධ හෙලි දරවු කරන තැනට පත් කරන ලෙස අපි කම්කරුවන්ට, ශිෂ්‍යයන්ට, කාන්තාවන්ට සහ තරුණයන්ට ආමන්ත‍්‍රණය කර සිටිමු. මේ අරගලය උතුරන දේශපාලන දර්ශනයක් තුළට යොමු කළ යුතුය. එය ඔවුන්ට අත් වූ මේ අපරාධ වලින් ගැලවී යා හැකි අධිරාජ්‍යවාදීන්ගෙන් සහ ප‍්‍රතිගාමීන්ගෙන් නිදහස ලබා ගත හැකි සැබෑ විප්ලවයක් වේ. සිය කෲරත්වය පෙන්වන ඉස්ලාම් රාජ්‍යයේ දුෂ්ට සැලසුම් පෙර කවරාදටත් වඩා වැඩි වී ඇත. ඔවුහු පොලොව කම්පිත සිදුවීම්වල ලකුණු සහ ලේ හැලෙන යුද්ධ දැනටමත් කරගෙන යයි, න්‍යාය පත‍්‍රයට අනුව යුද්ධ, මර්ධනයෙන් සහ සූරාකෑමෙන් තොර සමාජයක අරමුණ ඇතිවඉස්ලාම් ප‍්‍රතිගාමීන්ට ප‍්‍රතිචාර දැක්වීමට සහ ඔවුන්ගේ රාජ්‍ය ක‍්‍රමය පෙරලා දැමීමට විප්ලවීය ප‍්‍රචණ්ඩත්වය ඉදිරිපත් කළ යුතුය.

ඉස්ලාම් ජනරජය භංගවේවා!

පීඩිත ජාතීන්ගේ ස්වයං නිර්ණයේ අයිතිය දිගු කල් දිනේවා!

විප්ලවය දිගු කල් දිනේවා! කොමියුනිස්ට්වාදය දිගු කල් දිනේවා!

Blog: https://liberationbase.wordpress.com/ | E-mail: slradical@ymail.com

On the execution of Kurdish and Baluchi youth in Iran

On the execution of Kurdish and Baluchi youth in Iran 

18 November 2013. A World to Win News Service. The following statement was issued by the Communist Party of Iran (Marxist Leninist Maoist). Since then the Islamic Republic of Iran has continued this wave of executions in Kurdistan and other regions of Iran. (cpimlm.com)

Habibullah Golparipour, a young Kurdish activist who has been in an Islamic Republic prison for three years, was executed on 23 October 2013 in Orumieh, north-west Iran, and lost his dear life. Accused of anti-regime activities and connections with anti-regime groups, he had been in prison since October 2009, following the uprising that erupted after the presidential election. He endured the difficult conditions that the regime’s mercenaries have created for prisoners, including intense tortures, and spent long periods in isolation. But he did not give in to the regime’s brutalities.

At the same time, it has been reported that 16 Baluchi political prisoners were executed on 26 October in reprisal for the killing of 18 regime mercenaries in Saravan (a city in Sistan-Baluchistan Province, Iran, bordering Pakistan and Afghanistan) the day before. This is not the first such crime of the regime and will not be the last. Iran is the prison of nations. National oppression is a major pillar of this regime and we will witness such crimes as long as the exploiting classes are in power. There is a long list of youth in Kurdistan, Baluchistan and Khuzestan provinces waiting to be executed, and at the slightest sign of unrest in these regions, some will be hanged.

Following the Saravan incident, Hassan Rouhani, Iran’s new president, the so-called champion of “heroic flexibility”, assigned the Interior ministry to form a special commission in cooperation with security forces to confront “rebels”. Furthermore, the prosecutor-general of Zahedan (the capital of Sistan-Baluchistan province) justified the executions by saying “We warned that we would retaliate!” [BBC reports no evidence that any of the executed had any connection with the death of the border guards.]

As the Islamic regime continues to display “”heroic flexibility” with the West, it is also stepping up its oppression and crimes, including the executions of youth, and the poverty of the people is becoming even more intensified. This is the regime’s internal reaction to the crisis in the Middle East. There is no doubt that these criminal acts are indications of the bankruptcy and failure of a totally rotten regime that is hoping to extend its disgusting life a little longer.

The struggle of the oppressed nations against national oppression will once again demonstrate that the Islamic regime will reap what it has sown.

The regime’s viciousness and brutal plans should not and will not go unanswered. We call on workers, students, women and youth to convert the memorial ceremonies for Habibullah Golparipour and other martyrs into exposures of the crimes of the regime. This struggle must be turned into an effervescent political scene. It is with a real revolution independent of imperialists and reactionaries that we can give these crimes the response they deserve. The Islamic regime’s vicious plans more than ever carry the signs of its fragility. They carry the signs of earth-shaking events and bloody battles that are on the way, battles that should put revolutionary violence on the agenda to settle accounts with the Islamic reactionaries and overthrow their state system with the goal of a society without oppression and exploitation.

Down with the Islamic Republic of Iran! Long live the right of self-determination for oppressed nations! Long live revolution! Long live communism!

            – end item-